Welcome to CDROM on Mangroves of India !   

Bioinformatics Center at the National Institute of Oceanography, Goa, India since its inception in 1990 has a lways been concentrating their efforts in computerization of the coastal and marine biodiversity of Indian waters. With this aim in mind, this Center has developed "CDROM on Marine Prawns of India" which was the first amongst its series "NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI)". CDROM on Marine Prawns was released by Dr. R. A. Mashelkar, Director General, CSIR and Secretary, DSIR, Government of India in a function held on January 17, 1998 at Goa.   

The second "CDROM on Marine Crabs of India" in its series "NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI)" was released by Shri Ashok Desai, Managing Director, SAARC Region, Silicon Graphics System (India) Ltd. in a function held on March 27. 1998 at NIO, Goa.. 

The third "CD-ROM on Mangroves of India" in the series "NIO's Database on Marine Life of India (NIODMLI)" has been developed to aid researchers, academics, planners, administrators, commercial houses, students and common man. This CD-ROM collates information on about 62 species of mangroves and its  associate flora that occurs in the estuarine and marine waters of this country. Though, every efforts has been made to collect all the available information on this group of plants, its a "Work in Progress" and hence if you come across any specific shortcomings, please let us know so that we can present more full proof version 2.0 of this product.   

This section explains in general what are mangroves , how to grow mangroves, where to grow mangroves. which species to grown. how to identify the species etc.   
Traditional uses of mangrove plant products in India. Medicinal importance of mangrove and their associates.  
The species occurs at one or many places under varied environmental conditions in the waters of this country. Biogeography section maps the presence of mangrove and its associate species all along waters bordering India.  
Mangroves of India section explains the biotic and abiotic factors responsible for degradation of mangroves.  

Taxonomy or Systematics as it is called forms basic building block of nature. Without the proper identification of the organisms may it be plant or animal, proper usage and utilization becomes difficult. With the dwindling resources and heavy economic cuts and unstable political scenario, science of taxonomy has been neglected to the extent that once flourishing community of taxonomists, itself has become the extinct and rare species. Younger generations are not keen to acquire this knowledge as this does not stand them in today's competitive market. Over the years, efforts are being made to utilize the features of computer sciences and advancements of Information Technology (IT) to simplify and popularize the taxonomy so that many more youngsters can take   
up challenging tasks of listing millions of unknown species.   

Here we have tried to utilize the Hyper Text Markup Language (HTML) which describes the documents in "logical succession/structure" of the documents. Infact, with our experience we have started believing that HTML would be the best suitable option to represent the hierarchical nature/arrangements of flora and fauna that this planet is bestowed with. "IDENTIFICATION" helps you in identifying any of the 62 mangrove species and its associates for which information has been collated in this package. Wherever possible characters are explained with the help of line drawings.   


Listing, understanding and remembering the position of specific species plant or animal in the taxonomical hierarchy is as difficult as identifying the species. To aid the community ranging from researchers to academicians, teachers to students, planners to implimentors, SYSTEMATICS has been developed to enlist the taxonomic hierarchy of any of the mangrove species.   


The Indian coastline of about 5,700 km long can be divided into the east and west coasts and island chains. The east coast covers the maritime states like Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal and  Andaman-Nicobar Islands. The West coast extends from Kerala, Karnataka, Goa, Maharashtra, Gujarat and  also includes the coral atolls of Lakshadweep Islands. The total mangrove area along the Indian coast is  estimated to be approximately 700,000 ha. These species occurs at one or many places under varied environmental conditions in the waters of this country. BIOGEOGRAPHY maps the presence of these species all along waters bordering India.  


Much work has been done on the mangroves. Here we have made an effort to list the major publications of the mangroves of India. Major source has been the individual collection of our experts. Apart from this out put from Aquatic Sciences and Fisheries Abstract (ASFA) too has proved helpful in making this list near complete. We have grouped these publications/references in 5 sections.   


It was interesting for us to know, who is working on what aspect of mangroves in India. This has resulted into extensive list of experts and their specialization. We truly feel that this will be one of the important contribution of ours for those who intends to peruse carrier in mangroves.   


Most commonly used words in this package has been described/defined in this section.   


Current document which briefly explains various sections and features of this CDROM.   


Section that talks about the Bioinformatics facility at the National Institute of Oceanography and its  achievements.


 Copyright  1998 Bioinformatics Centre, National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa, India